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Climate Action

The on-going climate change is one of humanity’s greatest challenges. The use of fossil energy and the subsequent emissions of greenhouse gases are affecting our environment and have major consequences for virtually all other goals in Agenda 2030.

An increase in the average global temperature above two degrees, or even less, will have an extremely negative effect on ecosystems, health, food production, water supplies and weather systems.

A lot of the research and teaching is about understanding the processes and consequences of climate change.

Studies at the poles

The University of Gothenburg is working with the climate issue in the global arena, and is represented in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Their reports form the basis of the UN’s climate work and the major global treaties.

The effects of elevated temperatures in the atmosphere are expected to be particularly visible in polar areas, where higher temperatures directly or indirectly risk impacting the climate locally, regionally and globally through global climate regulation. One research project is under way in the Antarctic, and studies how the melting of the polar ice is being affected by climate change. Using underwater drones and autonomous underwater vessels, researchers can take measurements over large areas during a long time.

In the Arctic, researchers are studying the global ocean currents and mechanisms that transport heat in the ocean. To be able to see and understand changes in the ocean currents, extensive measurements over long time spans are necessary, which is why automatic measurement instruments are often used. Other researchers are studying how the melting ice is affecting the habitat of diatoms. Diatoms are the source of beneficial polyunsaturated fatty acids that fish store, including omega-3.

Sea and atmosphere

A great deal of focus in marine research and teaching is placed on how the sea is affected by the climate changes. A higher temperature in the atmosphere due to higher emissions of greenhouse gases affects the oceans. When the seas become warmer, it affects marine life and life on land. Several of the university’s researchers are investigating how climate-related changes in the ocean’s characteristics, including elevated sea levels related to melting glaciers, affect living organisms on Earth.

Several researchers at the university are working on ocean acidification and what biological, geological and chemical consequences acidification entails. For example, in the Baltic Sea, the researchers are investigating how cyanobacteria and other marine species are affected by the combined effects of ocean acidification, higher temperatures and changed salt levels.

Research linked to the atmosphere concerns, among other things, how climate gases interact with other environmental problems. The researchers are also investigating how much ozone and air pollutants are taken up by vegetation and how plants are affected. Another issue is about an extended pollen season, which becomes a result of rising temperatures, and what it may mean for those with allergies.

This is goal 13: Climate Action

Climate change is now affecting every country on every continent. It is disrupting national economies and affecting lives, costing people, communities and countries dearly today and even more tomorrow.

People are experiencing the significant impacts of climate change, which include changing weather patterns, rising sea level, and more extreme weather events. The greenhouse gas emissions from human activities are driving climate change and continue to rise. They are now at their highest levels in history. Without action, the world’s average surface temperature is projected to rise over the 21st century and is likely to surpass 3 degrees Celsius this century—with some areas of the world expected to warm even more. The poorest and most vulnerable people are being affected the most.

Source: The UN's Official wesite for Sustainable Develpoment Goals

Researcher Deliang Chen talks about goal 13

The film is produced by The Centre for Environment and Sustainability, GMV.

Page Manager: Erika Hoff|Last update: 2/5/2018

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