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Good health and well-being

Efforts to promote the health of the world’s population are not only self-evident for humanitarian reasons, but they can also be regarded as a reinvestment in society. For example, major humanitarian and economic benefits are achievable by reducing the damage caused by contamination of soil, water and air. About one in four deaths in the world can be linked to air pollution.

Health is also about combating epidemics and resistance to antibiotics, alleviating the effects of global warming, reducing road traffic injuries and providing all countries of the world with access to good medical and health care.

Cities and health

Major cities in countries like India and China have long exceeded the recommended limit for particulate matter in the air. This causes many health problems, ranging from premature death to problems for asthmatics, increased hospitalisation and absence from work, resulting in high costs for society. It is usually the poorest and weakest, with few opportunities for good medical care, who bear the brunt of air pollution from emissions linked to increased consumption and transportation needs. Researchers at the University of Gothenburg are collaborating with colleagues in China, India and Kenya to study how particles in the air are generated, intensified and disseminated.
More locally in Gothenburg, researchers are looking at how solutions for the urban environment can affect health and well-being. This can be a matter of how public spaces are designed to provide a climate that is as comfortable as possible, partly with the aid of vegetation. Vegetation, for example, can cool the surroundings to reduce heat stress and contribute to improved air quality. In urban planning, it is also necessary to consider such aspects as where sunshine falls at different times and how buildings affect wind currents.

New medicines

Health is also largely about developing effective and inexpensive medicines. Bacteria that are resistant to an increasing numbers of known types of antibiotics are a rapidly growing problem. In a collaboration with the pharmaceutical industry, researchers are examining the possibilities of developing new and improved types of antibiotics. Some of the research deals with determining the structure of important proteins in bacterial cell membranes. The next step is to block the proteins so that the bacteria’s cell walls are destroyed, making it possible to combat bacterial infections in this way.

Health affects many different areas and is impacted by factors large and small.

This is Goal 3: Good health and well-being

Ensuring healthy lives and promoting the well-being for all at all ages is essential to sustainable development. Significant strides have been made in increasing life expectancy and reducing some of the common killers associated with child and maternal mortality. Major progress has been made on increasing access to clean water and sanitation, reducing malaria, tuberculosis, polio and the spread of HIV/AIDS. However, many more efforts are needed to fully eradicate a wide range of diseases and address many different persistent and emerging health issues.

Source: The UN's Official wesite for Sustainable Develpoment Goals

Page Manager: Erika Hoff|Last update: 9/25/2018
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